Photo of hand holding a joint near coffee mugs on a table

Cannabis 101: Cannabis has come a long way since shaking out seeds and stems from low-potency, small buds. With so many innovations and methods of consumption, it is easy to get lost. We compiled a glossary of terms so you always know what you are consuming.

 

510 vape cartridges

A standardized cartridge which contains vape oil and can be used on any vaporizer which is designed to accept a 510 thread vape cartridges.

Aroma

The smell and/or taste of a certain flower. Consumers can often tell the quality of flower by the aroma. Citrus, sweet, earthy, diesel, pine, and floral are signs of high-quality flower. Scents or tastes like hay, mold, or no smell at all are indicators of low-quality flower.

Bioavailability

Refers to the percentage of cannabinoids in a particular product which can be absorbed into the bloodstream.

Bubble/Bubble Hash

A concentrated form of marijuana made by agitating buds in ice-cold water to remove trichomes. The trichomes are then filtered out of the water and concentrated.

Bubble Infused

Refers to joints which contain a mixture of cannabis flower and bubble hash.

Bud

A synonym for the mature cannabis flower that is dried and smoked. Buds are the part of the plant that are rich in cannabinoids such as THC and CBD.

Budtender

An employee of a cannabis dispensary who is trained to have expertise in cannabis strains, uses, and consumption methods. (For questions to ask your budtender, click here!)

Budder

A concentrated form of cannabis extract that is softer and more malleable than wax. It is consumed by dabbing on a rig. Budder is usually very potent.

Butane Hash Oil (BHO)

Refers to the process of extracting THC-rich oil from the cannabis plant by soaking the flower in liquid butane. The result is a hash oil that is typically very potent. Silverpeak never uses butane in our extraction methods. All our concentrates are PG- or solvent-free.

Photo of Silverpeak bubble hash

Cannabidiol (CBD)

Cannabidiol, also known as CBD, is a phytocannabinoid compound which is found in PCR hemp and marijuana flowers. CBD does not induce psychoactive effects.

Cannabinoid

A class of molecules produced by cannabis plants which are known for their effects on the human body including psychotropic and non-psychotropic effects.

Cannabis

A species of plant rich in terpenes and phytocannabinoids such as THC and CBD. Hemp and marijuana are both varieties of the cannabis.

Cannabinoid Receptor

A class of neurotransmitter receptors which interact with both endocannabinoids (human cannabinoids) and phytocannabinoids (plant-derived cannabinoids). They are indicated in a variety of physiological processes.

Cartridge

A small threaded tank containing a liquid preparation of cannabis oil to be used with a vaporizer.

CBD Oil

The essential oil extracted from CBD-rich cannabis varieties such as hemp. Also may refer to oils which have been infused with CBD isolate.

CBDa

A non-psychotropic acid form of CBD.

Clone

A clipping taken from a cannabis plant while in its vegetative state which is genetically identical to its parent plant. Clones are typically taken from the best phenotypes to grow many plants of the same genetics.

Cannabidivarin (CBDv)

A non-psychotropic cannabinoid thought to have properties similar to those of CBD.

CO2 Extraction

A method for separating essential oils including cannabinoids and terpenes from the cannabis flower to produce a concentrated oil. Many believe CO2 is the most “natural” extraction solvent.

Concentrates

Cannabinoids such as THC and CBD which is extracted from cannabis flower and refined into a more purified and potent form, such as hash, wax, shatter, and oil.

Cure

The process of preparing cannabis flower for consumption. After harvesting the mature buds from the plant, they are hung to dry, or “cured”, in a climate-controlled room for a specific amount of time. We monitor the moisture levels in each bud, which increases the flavor intensity, potency, and other desired effects, and therefore creates a high-quality product.

Dabs/dabbing

A method of consuming concentrated cannabinoids such as THC and CBD which involves using a device similar to a bong which heats the product to the point of evaporation so that it can be inhaled and absorbed through the lungs.

Dank

Having characteristics such as strong aromas and sticky or gooey consistencies.

Dispensary

A retail outlet which is licensed by the state to sell cannabis products.

Decarboxylation

A process by which a carbon atom is removed from a carbon chain of a cannabinoid such as THCa or CBDa to make it more easily metabolized by the human body. Decarboxylation involves a process of exposing the compound to higher temperatures for a period of time.

Photo of cannabis plant

Edibles

Any edible preparations such as candy and baked goods which have been infused with cannabinoids such as THC. (Read about our favorite high-end edibles!)

Endocannabinoid

A cannabinoid compound produced naturally by the human endocannabinoid system, or ECS.

Endocannabinoid System (ECS)

A system of neurotransmitters and receptors utilized by the human body. The activity of the ECS modulates a number of physiological processes on a cellular level.

Entourage Effect

The combined overall effects produced by the active compounds found in cannabis including cannabinoids and terpenes. (Learn more about terpenes and the entourage effect here.)

Flower

A generic term for the clusters of blossoms which are produced by the cannabis plant, also known as buds.

Full Melt

Similar to bubble hash, as the trichomes are separated from the plant and concentrated to a more potent form. Full melt uses screens to only dry-sift the trichomes without any leftover contaminants. It will vaporize when dabbed without residuals remaining.

Full-spectrum

Refers to extracts of cannabis which contain the original ratios of cannabinoids and terpenes found in the plant.

Gel Capsule, Gelcap

A capsule made from gelatin and other ingredients which contains a compound such as cannabis extracts or isolates which is administered orally.

Glass

A slang term for a smoking, vaporizing, or dabbing implement made from glass.

Grower

An organization that is licensed by the state to grow cannabis such as our High Valley Farm.

Hand-Packed

Refers to the process of making a pre-rolled joint by hand rather than machine.

Hand-Trimmed

Refers to the process of trimming excess leaves from cannabis buds by hand rather than by machine.

Hash

A product which consists of a solid concentrated form of cannabis resins.

Hash Oil

A product which consists of a liquid or paste form of cannabis resins.

Hemp

A variety of cannabis which contains negligible amounts of the psychotropic cannabinoid THC and therefore does not cause a high.

Hybrid

Refers to strains of marijuana which are a cross breed of both indica and sativa plants.

Indica

A sub-species of cannabis native to the Middle East and parts of Asia, now cultivated worldwide, known for its stout, bushy profile and wide leaves.

Isolate

A crystalline form a pure cannabinoid made via a series of distillation processes.

Photo of wood shelves with cannabis products

Marijuana

A variety of cannabis characterized by high levels of the psychotropic cannabinoid THC as well as terpenes.

Nanoencapsulation, Microencapsulation

A process by which concentrated cannabinoids are converted into a water-soluble preparation. This is done by encapsulating the oil in microscopic beads of an emulsifier or wax. These emulsions are more readily absorbed into the bloodstream than non-encapsulated oils.

Onset Time

Refers to the time it takes for the effects of a particular product to become apparent to the user.

Organically Grown

Grown naturally without the use of chemical pesticides and fertilizers. However, because “organic” is a federal term and cannabis is still not federally legal, technically no legal cannabis is considered to be “organic.” It is actually not compliant to advertise cannabis as “organic.” (Learn more about our pesticide-free growing process here.)

Phytocannabinoid

Cannabinoids produced by plants such as cannabis which have the ability to mimic endocannabinoids — those produced naturally by the human body.

Potency

Refers to the percentages of cannabinoids found in cannabis flower. A product which is high in cannabinoids is said to have high potency.

Pre-Rolls

Pre-rolled cannabis “joints” which are ready to smoke.

Psychoactive, Non-Psychoactive

Having properties which can change brain function resulting in alterations in mood or behavior.

Psychotropic, Non-psychotropic

Having properties which can alters brain functions causing changes in cognition and behavior such as causing a high or euphoric feeling.

Recreational Marijuana

Marijuana which is used by adults for non-medicinal purposes (as opposed to medical marijuana).

Photo of cannabis leaves

Sativa

A sub-species of cannabis which was originally native to Eastern Asia, now cultivated worldwide, known for its tall, thin profile and thin leaves.

Seasonal Strain

A strain of marijuana which is best grown at a particular time of year.

Strain

A particular cultivar of cannabis which has been bred for a particular set of qualities such as flavor and effects. (You can find all of our strains here!)

Sublingual

A method of consumption of cannabinoid compounds which involves administering a preparation such as an an oil or tincture under the tongue so that it can be absorbed into the bloodstream.

Terpenes

Oily compounds produced by cannabis which give it it’s aroma and flavor. (Learn more about terpenes here.)

THC: Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol

The psychotropic cannabinoid produced in marijuana which is known to cause a feeling of euphoria.

Tincture

A liquid preparation such as cannabis extract which is administered sublingually.

Topical

A preparation which is applied externally to the skin and absorbed into the body.

Vaporizer, Vape

An implement which heats and gasifies cannabis oil preparations allowing them to be inhaled and absorbed into the bloodstream via the lungs.

Photo of medicine bottles and vape cartridges